Dimitri Kitsikis’ Geopolitical Quarterly

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Intermediate Region

The Eurasian continent, of which Europe is but one of its peninsulas, comprises, due to historical events spanning thousands of years, three vast civilisational areas: a) The West or Western Europe, which today also includes North and South America, Australia and New Zealand; b) The East or Far East, which includes three peninsulas: India, Southeast Asia (with Indonesia) and China (with Korea and Japan); c) The Intermediate Region, which partakes of both the East and the West.

(Extract from L’Empire ottoman, Dimitri Kitsikis, Paris, PUF, 1985, p.15)

Chart of the main characteristics of the two big parties in the History of Greece and Turkey

 Modernists Traditionalists
Social Background Upper middle class of the bourgeoisie. Intellectuals. Workers. Lower middle class of the bourgeoisie. Small owning farmers. Big landowners. Upper middle class of the bourgeoisie, victims of Western penetration. Peasants.
Ideological Stand Bourgeois cosmopolitanism with Workers’ internationalism. French type nationalism. Western Renaissance rationalism. Do not recognize the existence of the Intermediate Region. Rigas Pheraios’s Balkan-Asiatic Hellenism. Ottomanism. German type nationalism. Neutralism. Both sides equaly balanced Hellenoturkism. Rousseauism. Deep attachment to people’s psyche. Byzantine-Ottoman Ecumenism. Imperial Hellenoturkism. Panislamism. Attachment to the Intermediate Region concept.
Political and Economic Regime Constitutional Monarchy or Parliamentary Republic with Economic Liberalism or Dictatorship of the Proletariat with collectivism. Authoritarian regime basically antiroyalist: The monarchy is abolished or is symbolically maintained along with Statism and Solidarism. Absolute monarchy with mercantilism.

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